With this winter expected to set records as being the worst ever, in some parts of Europe, drivers could be forgiven for thinking that as temperatures finally rise they can now dream of Easter getaways.*
But freezing temperatures, ice and snow will likely lead to more cracked and potholed roads.
Across Europe, bad road surfaces contribute to more than a third of all accidents every year. ** In 2011, 20 million potholes were reported in Europe but only half were filled – at an estimated cost of more than €1.2 billion. ** And in Great Britain, a pothole damage claim is received by local authorities every 17 minutes – with claims averaging €508. ***
You could, however, be spared costly car repairs with the help of an ingenious crowd-sourced virtual pothole map, which Ford for the first time revealed today it is researching, with testing due to start later this year. The map would show drivers, in real-time, on in-car displays, where potholes are, how bad they are, and suggest alternative routes.
“A virtual pothole map could highlight a new pothole the minute it appears and almost immediately warn other drivers that there is a hazard ahead,” said Uwe Hoffmann, research engineer, Advanced Chassis Control Technologies, Ford of Europe. “Our cars already feature sensors that detect potholes and now we are looking at taking this to the next level.”
Cold, ice and snow all cause roads to freeze, thaw and ultimately break apart, a situation compounded by heavy spring rain that fills the holes – spelling trouble for the 16 million motorists who hit the road for the Easter break, in the U.K. alone. **** Ford cars including Galaxy, Mondeo and S-MAX, already use on-board sensors for Continuously Controlled Damping with Pothole Mitigation that detects potholes using sensors and adjusts the suspension to help reduce any potential damage.
Engineers are now researching also using cameras and embedded modems, at the Ford Research and Innovation Center, in Aachen, Germany. Together, these technologies would gather detailed information on the potholes and beam it to the cloud – where it can be made available to other drivers – in real time.
Further research is also exploring the use of an active suspension system designed to massively reduce the severity of bumps and rough road surfaces.
Ford already tests new cars on a nightmare 1.9-kilometre (1.2-mile) road at Lommel Proving Ground, in Belgium, using replicas of some of the world’s worst potholes.